Policy and Global Affairs, Fellowships Office
The National Academies Logo

Participating Agencies - AFRRI

Opportunity at Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute (AFRRI)

Pathophysiology of Viruses and Radiation


Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute

RO# Location
15.61.00.B0252 Bethesda, MD 208895603


Name E-mail Phone
Lowy, R. Joel Robert.Lowy@usuhs.edu 301.295.1790


Our goal is to understand how the pathobiological effects of radiation and viruses singly and in combination alter the function of host defenses with emphasis on innate immune system processes. Our experiments primarily use macrophage and epithelial cell lines, and the influenza virus, a major worldwide cause of morbidity and mortality. Experimental approaches are molecular, immunobiological, and cell biological. Responses by macrophages to diverse pathobiological challenges include changes in their activation state, secretion of inflammatory cytokines, and their death by apoptosis. Epithelial cells are the normal host for influenza virus replication with infection also causing secretion of immunomodulators and apoptosis. Innate immune system cells are relatively insensitive to radiation damage, and radiation effects in these cell types appear to primarily be modulation of the host cell responses to infection. Although radiation and viruses are likely to involve both common and unique pathobiological processes, the specific intracellular responses, cell signaling pathways, and their relative importance and interactions are still poorly understood. A concurrent goal is to identify and define the action of drugs and biological response modifiers including immunomodulators, which can decrease the harmful effects of radiation, the combined virus-radiation injury, and the inflammatory response.


Physiological effects of radiation; Influenza; Macrophages; Apoptosis; Video microscopy; Viral pathogenesis; Innate immunity; Cytokines;


Citizenship:  Open to U.S. citizens, permanent residents and non-U.S. citizens
Level:  Open to Postdoctoral and Senior applicants
Copyright © 2014. National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. 500 Fifth St. N.W., Washington, D.C. 20001.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement.