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Opportunity at National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Flammability Reduction Technologies

Location

Engineering Laboratory, Fire Research Division

RO# Location
50.73.31.C0129 Gaithersburg, MD

Please note: This Agency only participates in the February and August reviews.

Advisers

Name E-mail Phone
Zammarano, Mauro mauro.zammarano@nist.gov 301.250.6935

Description

The Fire Division at the National Institute of Standard and Technology has a long term project whose objective is to develop the measurement science that enables the design of engineered fire safe materials and products for residential applications.

In the past, efforts at flammability reduction have primarily utilized flame retardant (FR) additives. The development of FRs has largely been accomplished through trial-and-error with the help of several bench-scale standardized flammability tests. Two problems with the existing approach are: (1) relatively large samples must be prepared to perform most standard flammability tests, and (2) since fire problems are notoriously difficult to scale, correlation of the results of bench-scale tests to realistic full-scale fire scenarios is tenuous. Additionally, a number of concerns have been raised in recent years concerning the toxicity of halogenated FRs. Consequently, there is significant pressure to develop flammability reduction technologies that do not rely on halogenated FRs. For example, barrier fabrics have proven to be a successful flammability reduction technology in several industries. Unfortunately, many standard flammability tests are not appropriate for testing the effectiveness of novel flammability reduction technologies such as barrier fabrics.

Progress in flammability reduction requires new flammability reduction technologies combined with an approach for predicting the full-scale flammability of increasingly sophisticated material systems using increasingly smaller sample sizes.

Keywords:
Heat Release Rate; Testing; Barrier Fabric; Coating; Flame Retardant; Polyurethane Foam; Pyrolysis; Fire Modeling

Eligibility

Citizenship:  Open to U.S. citizens
Level:  Open to Postdoctoral applicants
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