Research opportunities are available to advance ground-, air-, and space-based measurements of the Earth’s radiation, ocean color, temperature, aerosol levels, and other physical environmental variables. Such measurements require high accuracy to meet the stringent demands of climate research, land and environmental monitoring, and weather prediction. In collaboration with NASA, NOAA, and the USGS, NIST develops technology to advance the calibration and characterization of ground- and space-based infrared, optical, and temperature sensors to meet these demands. NIST also researches methods to improve physical environmental measurements made to complement or validate space-based measurements. The NIST effort is aided by specialized facilities, including the Facility for the Spectral Irradiance and Radiance responsivity Calibrations using Uniform Sources (SIRCUS), the Hyperspectral Image Projector (HIP) Laboratory, the Remote Sensing Laboratory, and the Synchrotron Ultraviolet Radiation Facility (SURF III).
Brown SW, Eppeldauer GP, Lykke KR: Applied Optics 45: 8218, 2006
Feinholz M, et al: Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 26: 57, 2009
Remote sensing; Temperature record; Climate science; Ocean color; Sensor calibration; Radiation balance; Optical radiation; Satellite sensor;