Manufacturing optimized devices that incorporate newly-emerging materials requires predictable performance throughout device lifetimes. Unexpected degradation in device performance, sometimes leading to failure, is often traceable to poor material reliability. Reliability is rooted in the stability of the atoms making up a material, and is determined by geometry, microstructure, chemistry, dimensional scale, proximity to other materials, and exposure to external stressors. Integration of powerful characterization techniques and reliability tests of materials under operational conditions improves fundamental understanding and accelerates development of highly-reliable materials and devices.
Applicants will work to develop relevant test approaches that can be readily adapted to the diverse, rapidly-moving environment of the 2D materials and nanoelectronics industry. Proposals may choose to target the following:
• Techniques to measure atomic structure, crystallographic phase, grain structure, crystallographic texture, crystal defects, lattice strain, contaminants
• Imaging of 3D assemblies of 2D materials: moving toward characterization in real-life applications
• Time-resolved measurements of material performance and degradation under operational conditions
• Application of reliability physics concepts to predict material degradation
NIST has field emission scanning electron microscopes, focused ion beam microscopes, high resolution transmission electron microscopes, electrical testing systems, nanomaterial synthesis facilities, and spectroscopy instrumentation.
electron microscopy; reliability; electronics; 2D materials; quantum materials; characterization