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Opportunity at National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Materials, Standards, and Data for Energy Conversion Applications

Location

Material Measurement Laboratory, Materials Measurement Science Division

RO# Location
50.64.31.B8443 Gaithersburg, MD

Please note: This Agency only participates in the February and August reviews.

Advisers

Name E-mail Phone
Martin, Joshua Brooks joshua.martin@nist.gov 301.975.3681

Description

Thermoelectric devices enable the interconversion of thermal and electrical energy, and have a significant potential to recover waste heat from industrial processes and to increase the energy efficiency of automotive engines. Other applications of thermoelectrics include solid-state refrigeration for opto- and microelectronics, and remote power generation for aerospace and military applications. However, commercially available thermoelectric devices are only about 5% efficient. Discovery of higher efficiency and cheaper thermoelectric materials is critical to enable the practical recovery of waste thermal energy. Opportunities exist to investigate fundamental material transport properties (Seebeck coefficient, electrical resistivity, heat capacity, thermal diffusivity) by developing new measurement techniques and improved measurement instrumentation, to investigate the synthesis of novel materials using both traditional and combinatorial approaches, and to develop advanced manufacturing techniques for thermoelectric modules. Opportunities also exist for other energy storage and conversion technologies, including storage devices such as batteries, and transduction technologies that convert energy from a form that is challenging to store into one that is economically favorable or more convenient, including for example, chemical, kinetic, electrostatic, or thermal.

 

References

Martin J, Tritt T, Uher C: High Temperature Seebeck Coefficient Metrology. Journal of Applied Physics-Focused Review 108: 121101, 2010

Martin J: Protocols for the High Temperature Measurement of the Seebeck Coefficient in Thermoelectric Materials. Measurement Science and Technology 24: 085601, 2013

Martin J, et al: Thermocyclic stability of candidate Seebeck coefficient Standard Reference Materials at high temperature. Journal of Applied Physics 115: 193501, 2014

 

Keywords:
Energy conversion; Seebeck coefficient; Sustainability; Thermoelectric; Batteries; Thermophotovoltaic; Transport properties; Combinatorial semiconductor;

Eligibility

Citizenship:  Open to U.S. citizens
Level:  Open to Postdoctoral applicants
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