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Opportunity at National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Materials for Sustainable Development

Location

Material Measurement Laboratory, Materials Measurement Science Division

RO# Location
50.64.31.B7660 Gaithersburg, MD

Please note: This Agency only participates in the February and August reviews.

Advisers

Name E-mail Phone
Green, Martin L. martin.green@nist.gov 301.975.8496

Description

According to the UN Brundtland Commission Report (1987), sustainable development is development “that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generation to meet their own needs”. Sustainability is a huge field that captures such concepts as environmental stewardship; green manufacturing; renewable and clean energy technologies; and materials, water, and air management. This project straddles the intersection of sustainability and materials science. Materials have always been technology enablers; there would be no information age without silicon, no commercial aviation industry without high strength aluminum alloys, and no skyscrapers without steel girders. However, many technologies in the materials, manufacturing, energy, and water sectors that currently bestow important benefits to humanity cannot continue indefinitely, and must be directed to a more sustainable path.

This project will encompass those areas in which materials science is expected to play a major role in sustainable development, and will offer project activities in the following specific areas: (1) development of materials life cycle analysis models, (2) materials “fingerprinting” to enable facile recycling, (3) “materials by design” approach for energy-related materials, (4) efficient use of materials (conservation, reuse, repurposing, recycling), (5) materials substitution (scarce, rare, politically unstable materials), (6) mitigation of undesirable environmental impacts of technology and economic growth (e.g., pollution), (7) materials for water purification, and (8) energy-related materials (for alternative energy technologies, for mitigation of problems in fossil fuel technologies, for increasing energy efficiency of products).

 

Keywords:
Sustainability; Sustainable development; Life cycle analysis, LCA; Green manufacturing; Energy-related materials; Materials by design; Recycling; Materials substitution; Water purification; Materials science;

Eligibility

Citizenship:  Open to U.S. citizens
Level:  Open to Postdoctoral applicants
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