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Opportunity at National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Computational Electrochemistry and Dielectric Spectroscopy

Location

Material Measurement Laboratory, Materials Science and Engineering Division

RO# Location
50.64.21.C0513 Gaithersburg, MD

Please note: This Agency only participates in the February and August reviews.

Advisers

Name E-mail Phone
Schwarz, Kathleen Alice kas4@nist.gov 301.975.2821

Description

Understanding the intermolecular environment surrounding complex molecules, ions, electrode surfaces, and nanomaterials is crucial for industries ranging from chemical manufacturing to water desalination and emerging nanofluidics-based technologies. Despite more than a century of experimental and theoretical efforts, the properties of electrochemical interfaces remain elusive. Moreover, our current understanding of electrostatic environments in nanoscale confinement (e.g., in the vicinity of nanopores) is  severely lacking. These shortcomings prevent a true function-by-design approach to development and manufacturing. 

We are interested in using analytical theory, large-scale molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, and density functional theory (DFT) calculations to significantly improve the state-of-the-art theoretical understanding of electrostatic environments in liquid-phase, at solid-liquid interfaces, and in nanoscale confinement. Qualified candidates are encouraged to submit research proposals on the following topics:

  • DFT and MD for computational dielectric spectroscopy
  • Properties of electrochemical double layer (effects on the local polarization, structure, and capacitance)
  • Electrostatic interactions in crown ethers, near metallic electrodes, and around nanopores
  • Local dielectric response in nanoscale confinement

We also welcome related proposals on topics not specifically listed above.

References:

  1. Schwarz, K. and R. Sundararaman, The electrochemical interface in first-principles calculations. Surface Science Reports, 2020. 75(2): p. 100492.
  2. Stelson, A.C., et al., Measuring ion-pairing and hydration in variable charge supramolecular cages with microwave microfluidics. Communications Chemistry, 2019. 2(1): p. 54.
  3. Smolyanitsky, A., E. Paulechka, and K. Kroenlein, Aqueous Ion Trapping and Transport in Graphene-Embedded 18-Crown-6 Ether Pores. ACS Nano, 2018. 12(7): p. 6677-6684.
Keywords:
Simulation; Theory; Chemistry; Physics; Nanotechnology; Dielectric spectroscopy; Electrostatic environments; Interfaces; Electrochemical Double Layer; Confinement; Nanopores

Eligibility

Citizenship:  Open to U.S. citizens
Level:  Open to Postdoctoral applicants

Stipend

Base Stipend Travel Allotment Supplementation
$72,750.00 $3,000.00
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