The National Academies Logo
Research Associateship Programs
Fellowships Office
Policy and Global Affairs

Participating Agencies - NIST

  Sign InPrintable View

Opportunity at National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Finite Element and Crystal Plasticity Modeling for the Development of Lightweighting Materials

Location

Material Measurement Laboratory, Materials Science and Engineering Division

RO# Location
50.64.21.B8037 Gaithersburg, MD

Please note: This Agency only participates in the February and August reviews.

Advisers

Name E-mail Phone
Banerjee, Dilip Kumar dilip.banerjee@nist.gov 301.975.3538

Description

The use of lightweight materials in vehicles will significantly increase fuel efficiency and cut emissions, but the auto industry lacks data and material models needed to reliably manufacture vehicle components from lightweight substitute materials. Traditional finite element models can validate NIST developed constitutive models for certain materials by applying such models for experiments involving loading of uniaxial and/or biaxial specimens. Validated constitutive models can allow US automakers to use these advanced lightweighting materials without expensive die tryouts and new model development costs. In addition, CP-FEM (crystal plasticity-finite element method) modeling allows development of constitutive laws for new materials based on the initial crystallographic texture and uniaxial stress-strain data, thereby predicting the evolution of the yield surface in multi-axial tensile space for a real specimen. Computed constitutive models will be validated by comparing predicted results with experimental measurements. Such validated tools will enable US automakers to incorporate new, advanced lightweighting materials with varying crystallographic texture in vehicle components.

 

Keywords:
Auto industry; Lightweighting materials; Finite elements; Crystal plasticity modeling; Constitutive models; Yield surface; Crystallographic texture;

Eligibility

Citizenship:  Open to U.S. citizens
Level:  Open to Postdoctoral applicants
Copyright © 2014. National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. 500 Fifth St. N.W., Washington, D.C. 20001.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement.