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Opportunity at National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

Inter-Hemispheric Variability of AMOC and its Impacts on Global Monsoon Circulations and Extreme Weather Events

Location

Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory

RO# Location
26.51.00.B8511 Miami, FL 33149

Advisers

Name E-mail Phone
Dong, Shenfu shenfu.dong@noaa.gov 305.361.4372
Lee, Sang-Ki sang-ki.lee@noaa.gov 305.361.4521
Lopez, Hosmay hosmay.lopez@noaa.gov 305.361.4329

Description

There have been many efforts to understand the role of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) as a potential predictor of decadal climate variability. A recent study suggested that inter-hemispheric AMOC variability plays a crucial role in generating an inter-hemispheric distribution of heat and moisture in the atmosphere, with important consequences on global monsoon circulations. In particular, the study stressed that anomalous AMOC could produce an inter-hemispheric pattern of upper ocean heat content anomalies in the tropical Atlantic. In turn, this could force a thermally direct anomalous inter-hemispheric Hadley circulation in the atmosphere, thereby influencing decadal variability of global monsoon circulation. These results led to the overall goal of this work, which is to enhance our understanding of the AMOC variability, flow pathways, and its potential role in modulating climate variability and high-impact extreme weather events on decadal timescales.

Examples of specific research topics include Diagnose internal variability of AMOC flow pathways in coupled general circulation models, exploring interannual variability of AMOC and its potential influence on regional climate and weather, and  studying the relative roles of the South and North Atlantic AMOC on modulating global monsoon circulation and extreme weather events at decadal-to-multidecadal timescales.

 

References

Lopez H, et al: Remote influence of Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation on the South Atlantic meridional overturning circulation variability. Geophysical Research Letter 43: 8250-8258, 2016, doi:10.1002/2016GL069067

Lopez H, et al: Decadal modulations of Interhemispheric Global Atmospheric Circulations and Monsoons by the South Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Journal of Climate 29: 1831-1851, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0491.1, 2016

 

Keywords:
Global thermohaline circulation; Monsoon; Global warming; Ocean-atmosphere coupled general circulation model; Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC); Extreme weather;

Eligibility

Citizenship:  Open to U.S. citizens, permanent residents and non-U.S. citizens
Level:  Open to Postdoctoral and Senior applicants

Stipend

Base Stipend Travel Allotment Supplementation
$58,000.00 $2,000.00

$4,000 Supplement for Doctorates in Physical Oceanography

$4,000 Supplement for Doctorates in Ocean Chemistry

 

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