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Opportunity at Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL)

Optics & Instrumentation, Sensor Development, Space Weather, Solar Physics


Space Vehicles Directorate, RV/Battle Space Environment

RO# Location
13.40.12.B6818 Kirtland Air Force Base, NM 871175776


Name E-mail Phone
Balasubramaniam, Karatholuvu S. 505.846.5374
White, Stephen M 505 853 6158


Research areas include instrumentation, space imaging, polarimetry of RSOs, space weather effects, spacecraft signature detection, solar activity (its magnetism and evolution), development of space- and ground-based sensors, artificial intelligence, data mining, multidisciplinary instrumentation, and engineering. We develop space- and ground-based sensors; apply numerical, modeling, and artificial intelligence to understand data; develop models of eruptive solar activity; use intelligent systems to forecast solar activity; and use space situational awareness to mitigate the impact on DOD systems. Our goals are to (1) design, develop, construct, test, and deploy instrumentation for ground- and space-based measurements using high-resolution optical imaging, spectroscopy, and spectropolarimetry; (2) develop spectroscopic radiative transfer; and (3) develop and test physics and numerical-based models.



Ferguson D, White S, Rast R, Balasubramaniam KS: Ground-Based Surveillance Campaign to Detect Global Positioning System Arcing: First Preliminary Results. Journal of Spacecraft & Rockets, 2017 Accepted,

Balasubramaniam KS, Henry TW: Sunspot Numbers from ISOON: A Ten-Year Data Analysis. Solar Physics 291(9-10): 3123-3138, 2016.

Winter LM, Balasubramaniam KS: Using the maximum X-ray flux ratio and X-ray background to predict solar flare class. Space Weather 13(5): 286-297, 2015.

Kirk MS, Balasubramanaim KS, et al: Qualities of Sequential Chromospheric Brightenings Observed in Halpha and UV Images. The Astrophysical Journal 796: 78, 2014

Balasubramaniam KS, Pevtsov AA: Ground-based synoptic instrumentation for solar observations. SPIE Volume 8148, id. 814809, 2011


Space situational awareness; Space weather; Solar physics; Optics and instrumentation; Magnetohydrodynamics; Imaging; Polarimetry; Spectroscopy; Radiative transfer; Observations; Artificial intelligence; Data processing;


Citizenship:  Open to U.S. citizens
Level:  Open to Postdoctoral and Senior applicants
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