The National Academies Logo
Research Associateship Programs
Fellowships Office
Policy and Global Affairs

Participating Agencies - AFRL

  Sign InPrintable View

Opportunity at Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL)

Combustion and Ignition Chemistry of Energetic Propellants

Location

Aerospace Systems Directorate, RQ/Chemistry and Chemical Tech

RO# Location
13.30.03.B7679 Edwards Air Force Base, CA 93524

Advisers

Name E-mail Phone
Vaghjiani, Ghanshyam L ghanshyam.vaghjiani@us.af.mil 661.275.5657

Description

Our research centers on fundamental chemical kinetics and applications in combustion chemistry of energetic propellants. The rates of elementary reactions are measured using various direct time-resolved techniques such as pulsed laser photolysis, coupled with laser-spectrometric or mass-spectrometric probing of the short-lived species in the gas phase. We also use rapid-scan FTIR absorption spectroscopy to probe the formation of stable products in these reactions. Heterogeneous processes, such as the reactions of aerosolized propellant fuel in various oxidizing gaseous environments, are studied using the VUV-PI-TOFMS experimental set-up of the Chemical Dynamics Beamline 9.0.2.3 at the Advanced Light Source Synchrotron Facility at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in Berkeley, CA. Direct molecular dynamics simulations are also performed to identify pertinent chemical processes in the combustion of propellant mixtures. Chemical models of these processes are constructed using ab initio quantum chemical, TST and RRKM theories to understand the mechanisms. The laboratory data is extrapolated to operational conditions in the prediction of ignition delay times, a quantity of significant importance in the design of rocket engines.

 

References

Sun H, Vaghjiani, GL: Journal of Chemical Physics 142: 204301, 2015

Perez JPL, et al: Applied Materials and Interfaces 7: 9991, 2015

Chambreau SD, et al: Journal of Physical Chemistry A118: 11119, 2014

 

Keywords:
Combustion chemistry; Propellant ignition; Reactions kinetics; Time resolved laser spectroscopy; FTIR spectroscopy; TOF mass spectrometry; Chemical mechanisms; Quantum chemical calculations; Molecular dynamics simulations;

Eligibility

Citizenship:  Open to U.S. citizens
Level:  Open to Postdoctoral and Senior applicants
Copyright © 2014. National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. 500 Fifth St. N.W., Washington, D.C. 20001.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement.